Activated: 15 August 1942.
Overseas: 5 September 1943.
Campaigns: Rhineland, Central Europe, Normandy, Ardennes-Alsace.
of combat: 214.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 13
Awards: MH-2 ;
DSC-56 ; DSM-2 ; SS-456 ; LM-20; SM-4 ; BSM-9,488 ; AM-48.
Maj. Gen. William C. Lee (5 August 1942-30 March 1944), Maj. Gen.
Maxwell D. Taylor (31 March 1944-4 December 1944), Brig. Gen. Anthony C.
McAuliffe (5 December 1944-26 December 1944), Maj. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor
(27 December 1944-September 1945), Brig. Gen. William M. Gillmore (September
1945), Brig. Gen. Gerald St. C. Mickle (September 1945), Brig. Gen. Stuart
Cutler (October to inactivation).
Inactivated: 30 November 1945 in
Reactivated: 6 July 1948.
The 101st Airborne arrived in England, 15 September 1943, and received
additional training in Berkshire and Wiltshire.
On 6 June 1944, the Division
was dropped into Normandy behind Utah Beach. Against fierce resistance it
took Pouppeville, Vierville, and St. Come du Mont. On the 12th, the
stronghold of Carentan fell, and after mopping up and maintaining its
positions, the Division returned to England, 13 July, for rest and training.
On 17 September 1944, taking part in one of the largest of airborne
invasions, the 101st landed in Holland, took Vechel and held the Zon bridge.
St. Oedenrode and Eindhoven fell after sharp fighting on the 17th and 18th.
Opheusden changed hands in a shifting struggle, but the enemy was finally
forced to withdraw, 9 October. After extensive patrols, the Division
returned to France, 28 November, for further training.
On 18 December, it
moved to Belgium to stop the German breakthrough. Moving into Bastogne under
the acting command of Brig. Gen. Anthony C. McAuliffe, it set up a circular
defense and although completely surrounded, refused to surrender on 22
December. Its perimeter held against violent attacks. The 4th Armored
Division finally reached the 101st on the 26th and the enemy offensive was
blunted. Very heavy fighting continued near Bastogne for the rest of
December and January.
On 17 January 1945, the Division moved to Drulingen
and Pfaffenhoffen in Alsace and engaged in defensive harassing patrols along
the Moder River.
On 31 January, it crossed the Moder in a three-company
raid. After assembling at Mourmelon, France, 26 February 1945, for training,
it moved to the Ruhr pocket, 31 March, patrolling and raiding in April and
engaging in military government at Rheydt and Munchen-Gladbach.
reached Berchtesgaden by the end of the war and performed occupational
duties until inactivation in Germany.
Assignments in the ETO
22 January 1944: VIII Corps, but attached to First Army.
March 1944: First Army.
6 June 1944: VII Corps, First Army. 15 June 1944: VIII Corps.
15 July 1944: Ninth Army.
August 1944: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Allied (Abn) Army.
1944: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the British XXX Corps,
British Second Army.
21 September 1944: British I (Abn) Corps.
September 1944: British VIII Corps.
28 September 1944: British
9 November 1944: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to
the Canadian II Corps, Canadian First Army.
17 December 1944: First
Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the VIII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army
26 December 1944: III Corps.
29 December 1944: VIII
19 January 1945: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the
Third Army, 12th Army Group.
20 January 1945: First Allied (Abn)
Army, but attached to the XV Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
January 1945: VI Corps.
28 February 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps,
First Allied (Abn) Army.
1 April 1945: First Allied (Abn) Army, but
attached to the XXII Corps, Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group.
1945: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the 12th Army Group
17 April 1945: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the Seventh
Army, 6th Army Group.
23 April 1945: VI Corps.
4 May 1945: XXI
Black badge with
black arc streaming above; on the badge is white screaming eagle; appearing
on arc, in white, is "Airborne."
Association [in 1950]:
101st Airborne Division
Association (Carl E. Trimble, secretary), 17 Dupont Circle NW., Washington,
Publications [as of 1950]:
Epic of the 101st Airborne Division by unit
members. 101st Airborne Division Association.
Rendezvous with Destiny
by First Lt. Leonard Rapport and Lt. Arthur Northwood. Washington, D.C.: The Infantry