Source: The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950.
Go to: Unit history
World War I
Activated: 12 November 1917
Overseas: April 1918
Major Operations: Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, Aisne
Casualties: Total: 15,401 (KIA: 2,637; WIA: 12,764)
Commanders: Maj. Gen. J. T. Dickman (28 November 1917), Brig. Gen. J. A. Irons (11 February 1918), Maj. Gen. J. T. Dickman (13 February 1918), Brig. Gen. J. A. Irons (27 February 1918), Brig. Gen. Charles Crawford (8 March 1918), Brig. Gen. J. A. Irons (10 March 1918), Brig. Gen. Charles Crawford (19 March 1918), Maj. Gen. J. T. Dickman (12 April 1918), Brig. Gen. F. W. Sladen (18 August- 1918), Maj. Gen. Beaumond B. Buck (27 August 1918), Brig. Gen. Preston Brown (18 October 1918), Maj. Gen. R. L. Howze (19 November 1918)
Returned to U. S.: August 1919. (See also 7th Infantry Regiment)
World War II
Overseas: 27 October 1942
Campaigns: Tunisia, Sicily, Naples-Foggia, Rome-Arno, South France, Rhineland, Central Europe
Days of combat: 233
Distinguished Unit Citations: 11
Awards: MH-35 ; DSC-109 ; DSM-6 ; SS-4,817 ; LM-50; SM-172 ; BSM8,137 ; AM-72
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Charles F. Thompson (July 1940-August 1941), Brig. Gen. Charles P. Hall (August 1941-September 1941), Maj. Gen. John P. Lucas (September 1941-March 1942), Maj. Gen. Jonathan W. Anderson (March 1942March 1943), Maj. Gen. Lucian K. Truscott, Jr. (March 1943-February 1944), Maj. Gen. John W. O'Daniel (February 1944-December 1945), Maj. Gen. William R. Schmidt (July 1945-August 1946), Maj. Gen. Edwin P. Parker, Jr. (August 1946-October 1946), Maj. Gen. Jens A. Doe (October 1946-February 1947), Maj. Gen. Percy W. Clarkson (February 1947 to present)
Returned to U. S.: 4 September 1946.
The 3rd Division is the only American Division which fought the Nazi on all fronts.
The Division first saw action in the North African invasion, landing at Fedala, 8 November 1942, and capturing half of French Morocco.
On 10 July 1943, the Division made an assault landing on Sicily, fought its way into Palermo before the armor could get there, and raced on to capture Messina, thus ending the Sicilian campaign.
Nine days after the Italian invasion, 18 September 1943, the 3rd landed at Salerno and in intensive action drove to and across the Volturno and to Cassino. After a brief rest, the Division was ordered to hit the beaches at Anzio, 22 January 1944, where for 4 months it maintained its toe-hold against furious German counterattacks. On 29 February 1944, the 3rd fought off an attack by three German Divisions.
In May the Division broke out of the beachhead and drove on to Rome, and then went into training for the invasion of Southern France. On 15 August 1944, another D-day, the Division landed at St. Tropez, advanced up the Rhone Valley, through the Vosges Mountains, and reached the Rhine at Strasbourg, 26-27 November. After maintaining defensive positions it took part in clearing the Colmar Pocket, 23 January - 18 February 1945, and on 15 March struck against Siegfried Line positions south of Zweibrucken.
The Division smashed through the defenses and crossed the Rhine, 26 March 1945 ; then drove on to take Nurnberg in a fierce battle, capturing the city in block-by-block fighting, 17-20 April. The 3rd pushed on to take Augsburg and Munich, 27-30 April, and was in the vicinity of Salzburg when the war in Europe ended.
Assignments in the ETO
1 July 1944: AFHQ, but attached to Seventh Army and SOS, NATOUSA for supply
13 July 1944: AFHQ, but attached to the VI Corps, Seventh Army
15 September 1944: VI Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group
15 December 1944: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group but attached to the French II Corps of the French First Army
28 January 1945: XXI Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group, but attached to French First Army
15 February 1945: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group, but attached to the French II Corps of the French First Army
18 February 1945: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group, but attached to the French II Corps
12 March 1945: XV Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group
31 April 1945: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group
23 April 1945: XXI Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group
28 April 1945: XV Corps
6 May 1945: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group
8 May 1945: XV Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
Nickname: Rock of the Marne. (The 3rd Division earned the title "Rock of the Marne" at Chateau Thierry in July 1918.)
Slogan: The words of Maj. Gen. Joseph Dickman are sometimes employed, "Nous resterons la!"
Shoulder patch: A square containing three diagonal white stripes on dark blue field
Association: Society of the Third Infantry Division, P. O. Box 74, Franklin Station, Washington 4, D. C.
History of the Third Infantry Division, World War II, by unit members; The Infantry Journal, 115 Seventeenth Street NW., Washington 6, D. C.; 1947 ; 575 pp.
Blue and White Devils, by unit members; TI&E, ETOUSA ; distributor, Society of the Third Infantry Division.